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Migraine: Causes and Prevention

HeadacheHeadaches are very common type of pain experienced by almost everyone in different situations and ages. From cluster headaches to tension headaches, there are many different kinds of headaches known to science and man and millions of people struggle with it every single day. Migraine is another type of headache which is not too common but not too rare as well and almost every 1/10th person struggles with this irritating throbbing pain. Most of the times in many parts of the world people don’t even know they have migraine. They spend their whole life considering their headache type to be just another headache due to stress o heat/cold and therefore keep on taking the wrong treatment.

The first thing everyone needs to know is that migraine is a very severe type of genetic problem which can happen to anyone, you cannot just prevent it without taking some strong steps. Some people get migraine once or twice in a lifetime and some are very dear regular patients of it. There are two type of migraines:

  • Chronic migraine
  • Episodic migraine

The episodic migraine attack lasts for about a week or so but doesn’t exceed than 15 days. It is highly painful too but it does let the patient relax and feel fine for some days of the month.

The chronic migraine however sticks with the patient for more than 15 to 20 days of the month and mostly occurs regularly with shifting sides making the whole time and process be more painful and stressful.

Severe Headache

Aching head – Young man having a severe headache on waking up

No matter what migraine type, the general symptoms and triggers match a lot. This type of headache basically occurs either on left side of right side of the head affecting the ears, eyes, neck and shoulders equally sometimes partially paralyzing that side so the patient cannot move or work efficiently with continuous pain on that side of the body.

There are following triggers which most of the migraineurs have in common.

  • Sharp light
  • Loud noise
  • Empty stomach
  • Too much heat
  • Too much cold
  • Too much sweet
  • Some food (cheese, rice etc)
  • And some other triggers which differ for different people.

When having a migraine attack, what one can do is to take a tablet, a painkiller, and lie down in a dark room with complete silence. There are also some massages for migraine patients and other therapies to reduce the pain but if you cannot go for them, lying down in silence in a dark room can somewhat help too. Visit a doctor and he will suggest you to take some pills regularly, which will lessen the frequency and intensity of the pain.

One must know that there are four phases of a migraine. Some people experience all the four phases of it while some go through one or two. Following are the four phases:

Phase one: This starts days before the pain and causes

  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Yawning
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia

Phase two: This starts after phase one, a few hours or a day or two before the pain. One might feel

  • Visions blurring
  • Blank spots
  • Irritated skin
  • Excess of sleep
  • Depression

Phase three: This is the phase of pain in which intense throbbing pain occurs. Mostly the pain stays on one side for a couple of hours or days before shifting to the other side.

Phase four: This is also considered as the aftershock where

  • worst kind of mood swings occur
  • depression
  • Seeing or hearing things which are not there

Through proper treatment, migraine can be reduced but there is no permanent cure for it so one must try to avoid the triggers best as they can. Please keep on visiting health tips for more tips and tricks for men and women to live happy and healthy life.

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