Types and Causes of Hepatitis

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis is a disease which causes swelling and inflammation of liver. The word comes from two roots, Greek root hepar (word hepat) meaning liver and the Latin itis meaning inflammation.

Hepatitis results in damage of liver cells. It mainly occurs due to some viruses. It is a viral disease and also caused by other chemicals like alcohols and toxins etc.

Types of hepatitis

Types of HepatitisThere are many types of hepatitis some of them cause liver cancer which comes under chronic types as it leads to death of a person. The initials symptoms match to flu results in pain in muscles and joints jaundice, feeling sick etc, while the final or severe symptoms are jaundice, feeling tired and sick all the time etc.

There are five types of hepatitis named as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, hepatitis D, Hepatitis X, Hepatitis G.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A spread by contaminated food and water with the faeces of person having Hepatitis A. It is caused by HAV (Hepatitis A Virus).  Its effects are acute or short term infection and it can be treated by vaccination. Vaccination leads to immunity against the Hepatitis A. The person gets full recovery and never leads to chronic inflammation of liver. Anal-oral contact during sex can also cause Hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is spread by sexual contact hence referred as sexually transmitted disease (STD).It is mainly caused by HAB (Hepatitis B Virus). It can be transmitted from mother to new born and from family to newborn individual’s .Hence it is heritable. It can also be passed from the infectious fluids (semen’s, blood etc) and through infected wounds. It can also be vaccinated. It is sometimes fully recovered by vaccination and sometimes become chronic and leads to liver cancer. Hence it is also called as chronic Hepatitis. In case of blood transplantation, the blood is tested for Hepatitis B. It is also caused by using contaminated syringes.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C caused by HCV (Hepatitis C virus) caused mainly by infected blood, contaminated syringes, infected blood product and sometimes it is also caused by sexual contact. It is also caused by inappropriate use of anesthesia (insensitivity towards the pain). It is only treated by taking antiviral mediation as there is no vaccination yet discovered for treating this type of Hepatitis.

Hepatitis D

Hepatitis D caused by HDV (Hepatitis D virus) is only type occur in conjugation with hepatitis B. It is caused by using contaminated syringes, from mother to infants and through sexual contact. It is also called as Delta virus.

It can be prevented by using vaccination for Hepatitis B. It is more severe form of Hepatitis which leads to cirrhosis which is a chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue. It is typically a result of alcoholism or hepatitis. Cirrhosis leads to liver cancer. There is no vaccine for Hepatitis D.

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E caused by HEV is mainly spread by eating contaminated food and water. It is not chronic in nature and its vaccination is also available. It is water borne type and mainly occurs in developing areas having poor sanitation system

If the type of Hepatitis is not recognized then it is referred as Hepatitis X caused by unknown virus.

Hepatitis G

Hepatitis G is caused by HGV virus. Its symptoms are mostly not recognized as they are mild in nature.

The only way to prevent all these types of viruses is cleanliness which is considered as half faith in Islam. The recitation of Sorah Bakra can prevent all these types of viruses. As a Muslim we believe that there is no disease without cure so this chronic disease can also be cured by recitation of Holy Quran.

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